A SSA Inspector General (IG) report, "Accuracy of Social Security Administration's NUMIDENT File", December, 2006, indicates incorrect citizenship information in SSA's NUMIDENT File for foreign-born U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens. The IG report states, 7.7 percent of foreign-born U.S. citizens in the NUMIDENT were misclassified as U.S. Citizens and 7.0 percent of non-U.S. citizens with an SSN were misclassified because they did not notify the SSA after they had naturalized as U.S. Citizens.
However, the IG for SSA did report, "In 2006, we reviewed SSA’s Numident and determined that the information it contained was generally accurate. However, we estimated that discrepancies in approximately 4.1 percent of the Numident records could have resulted in incorrect feedback when submitted through E-Verify."
The Numident includes such information as the numberholder’s name, date of birth, place of birth, parents’ names, citizenship status, date of death (if applicable) and the office where the SSN application was processed. SSA began requiring all SSN applicants to provide proof of age, indentity and U.S. citizenship on May 15, 1978. SSA stores Numident records in equal segments by arranging records in numerical order according to the last two digits of the SSN.
The Enumeration at Entry process allows immigrants to apply for an original or replacement SSN card on U.S Department of State (DoS) Form DS-230, Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration, and be issued with the card once lawfully admitted as permanent residents by DHS. Enumeration at Birth is a program that allows parents to complete SSN applications for their newborns as part of hospitals’ birth registration process. Both processes eliminate a visit to a field office. SSA relies on documents individuals present during the SSN application process to record their names, dates of birth, and citizenship or legal alien status in Social Security Number Application Process (SSNAP) (See RM10205.125 Entering a NH's Name in SSNAP ).
A foreign born U.S. citizen or non-citizen Permanent Resident Alien may use a Border Crossing Card (BSP-150BCC), I-184 (Crewman Landing Permit), N-550 or N-570 (Certificate of Naturalization), N-560 or N-561 (Certificate of Citizenship) and evidence of Alien Registration Number or Admission Number, or both, as proof of identify and qualification for an SSN.
SSNAP electronically submits an Initial Verification (IV) request to the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE) and retrieves a response within the SSN application path. SSNAP matches data from the application to data received from the IV response and determines if the status verifies. If the status verifies, then SSNAP determines the NUMIDENT CIT Field (alien's citizenship category) and NUMIDENT PRA Field (permanent residence alien status).
The E-Verify System involves using the information in Government databases to determine the employment eligibility of new hires. The SSN and Alien Registration number ("A" Number) or I-94 (Admission Number) are used for these checks. The alien registration ("A" Number) is the nine digit number following the "A" shown on the "green card" or Permanent Resident Card (Form I-551, formerly Form I-151 Alien Registration Card), Employment Authorization Documen (I-766 and I-688B), and on certain other immigration documents and notices. The Admission Number is the eleven digit number located on the Arrival-Departure Record (Form I-94).
Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) are foreign nationals who have been granted the right to reside permanently in the U.S. LPRs are commonly referred to as "immigrants," "permanent resident aliens" and "green card holders." LPRs who apply for a SSN card will have a NUMIDENT file created when the application is processed. The NUMIDENT record identifies an LPR in the PRA field of the record number. The PRA field is either a "Y" for yes, the applicant is a LPR or "N" for no, the applicant is not a LPR.
Obama returned to Hawaii in 1971 as an unaccompanied minor with foreign nationality. Unaccompanied minors with foreign nationality do not clear customs as a matter of policy to combat trafficking in persons. Because he was a foreign national, Obama was placed in the federal foster care system. In the early seventies, Catholic Social Services of Connecticut was one of two federal contractors used by the HHS to take unaccompanied minors with foreign nationality into custody. Obama remained in the custody of Catholic Social Services of Connecticut from 1971 to his age of majority, 1979. Although Obama was in the legal custody of Catholic Social Services of Connecticut, he was in the physical custody of his foster parent and grandmother, Madelyn Payne of Honolulu, HI throughout this time.
Catholic Social Services applied for a SSN with the SSA on behalf of Obama in 1977. The return address on the application for SSN is in Connecticut. Consequently, the prefix number 042 is associated with SSNs provided to Connecticut applicants. Catholic Social Services of Connecticut would not have used Obama's HI COLB to establish proof of eligibility for SSN. Instead, they would have used is Alien Registration Number, "A" Number on his green card or Permanent Resident Card, Form I-551, formerly I-151 Alien Registration Card.
The SSA uses the PRA Field in the NUMIDENT File to identifiy LPRs or aliens entitled to obtain a SSN to indicate the applicant is a LPR at the time of application. Obama's PRA Field in his NUMIDENT file is a "Y" to indicate applicant was a foreign national at the time of application.